Nathan D.
Nathan D.

Citation Examples in APA, MLA, Chicago & Other Formats to Help You Out

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Published on: Apr 8, 2024

Last updated on: Apr 19, 2024

Citation Examples

When writing an academic or research paper, you should always cite the sources you’re using in your research to give credit where it's due.

However, it can be a challenging task as there are different formats for citing sources across various citation styles.

Having said that, with the help of citation examples in various formats, you can cite your own sources accurately.

This is where we will help you out!

This blog will explore APA, MLA, Chicago, and other citation examples. We’ll provide clear illustrations of both in-text citations and bibliography or reference list entries.

Let's enhance our academic writing proficiency together.

APA Citation Examples

In the APA format, you have the option to either use narrative or parenthetical style in-text citation. Below are examples of APA in-text citation and APA references.

APA In-Text Citation Example: Parenthetical

The impact of technology on communication is undeniable (Johnson & Davis, 2018).

Narrative APA Citation Example

According to Miller (2019), the role of artificial intelligence in healthcare is evolving rapidly.

APA Reference List Entry Examples

In APA citation, the reference list provides detailed information about the sources cited in the text. Here are examples for various sources:

Book:

Harrison, J. R. (2020). The Digital Revolution: Navigating the Technological Landscape. New York: Academic Press.

Journal Article:

Johnson, M. A., & Davis, P. L. (2018). Communication in the Digital Age. Journal of Communication Studies, 45(2), 120-135.

MLA Citation Examples

In MLA citation format, in-text citations can either be formatted using the narrative style or the parenthetical style.

Let’s take a look at examples of MLA in-text citation and MLA works cited page references. 

Parenthetical Citation Example MLA

The impact of globalization on local economies is a topic of ongoing debate (Garcia and Nguyen 112).

MLA In-Text Citation Example: Narrative

Miller emphasizes the impact of artificial intelligence on healthcare (23).

Works Cited Entry Examples

The reference page in MLA format is commonly named the Works Cited page. Here are examples from various sources:

Book:

Miller, Emily. Cultural Relativism: Understanding Diversity. Oxford UP, 2017.

Journal Article:

Garcia, Maria, and Nguyen, Minh. “Globalization and Local Economies.” Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 30, no. 4, 2018, pp. 110-125.

Chicago Manual of Style Citations

In the Chicago Manual of Style, citations can be formatted in two main styles: Author-Date and Note-Bibliography. The author-Date style uses parenthetical in-text citations, while the Note-Bibliography style uses superscript numbers in the text.

Here are examples of both styles:

In-text Citation: Author-Date Style

In the Author-Date style, the author's last name and the publication year are included in parentheses within the text. 

The concept of cultural hegemony has been extensively discussed (Gramsci 1992, 45).

Note-Bibliography Style

The note-Bibliography style uses superscript numbers within the text, referring to footnotes or endnotes where full citations are provided. 

  • The role of leadership in organizational behavior has been studied extensively1.
  • Environmental sustainability initiatives have gained momentum in recent years2.

Bibliography Entry Examples

Book:

Smith, John. Leadership in the Modern Workplace. New York: Random House, 2017.

Journal Article:

Garcia, Maria. “Sustainability in Urban Planning.” Journal of Environmental Studies 15, no. 2 (2019): 78-95.

Harvard Citation Examples

The Harvard citation style involves citing sources within parentheses in the text, including the author's last name and the publication year. The reference list at the end of the document is listed alphabetically by the author's last name.

Harvard Citation Example In-Text

Machine learning algorithms have shown promising results in natural language processing tasks (Brown & Lee, 2022).

Reference List Example

Brown, David M., and Lee, Sarah H. 2022. “Advancements in Natural Language Processing with Machine Learning Algorithms.” Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research 15(3): 127-142. DOI: 10.1234/jair.2022.123456789.

IEEE Citation Style

The IEEE in-text citation format uses square brackets [ ] and numerical citations for citing sources. The reference list at the end of the document includes full details of the sources cited in the text, arranged numerically based on their order of appearance. 

Here are some IEEE style in-text citation and reference list examples:

IEEE Citation Example In Text

Recent studies suggest that renewable energy sources are gaining popularity [1].

Corresponding Reference List Entry

[1] J. Doe and K. Smith, “Renewable Energy: A Comprehensive Overview,” Journal of Sustainable Energy, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 45-58, 20XX.

AMA Citation Examples

The AMA (American Medical Association) citation style uses superscript Arabic numerals for in-text citations. The reference page at the end provides complete information about each source cited, arranged numerically in order of their appearance.

AMA Style In-Text Citation

AMA style in-text citations are represented by superscript Arabic numerals.

In a recent study on hypertension, it was found that lifestyle modifications can significantly reduce blood pressure levels.2

Reference List Entry Example

Miller A, Smith B. Lifestyle Modifications and Blood Pressure Management. Journal of Hypertension. 20XX;Volume(Issue):Page numbers.

ACS Citation Examples

Using the ACS (American Chemical Society) citation style, you can choose one of the following in-text citation formats:

  • Using superscript numbers 3
  • Italicized numbers in parentheses (3)
  • Author-date style (Doe et al., 2020)

The reference list at the end of the document lists sources cited in the text, arranged in the order they appear in the text. 

In this example, the superscript number style is followed.

In-Text Citation Example

The synthesis of nanoparticles has gained attention due to its potential applications in medicine and catalysis.2

Reference List Example

Rodriguez, Alejandro M.; Nguyen, Linh T. Synthesis and Applications of Nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2023, 12(3), 245-257. DOI: 10.1021/jnn123456789.

ASA Citation Examples

In ASA (American Sociological Association) style, in-text citations typically include the author's last name and the year of publication. Corresponding reference list entries come at the end of the document. 

ASA In-Text Citation

Social media usage has become prevalent among teenagers (Garcia, 2022).

ASA Reference List Example

Garcia, Sofia M. 2022. “The Impact of Social Media on Teenagers: A Sociological Perspective.” Journal of Youth Studies 15(4): 567-582. DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2022.987654321.

APSA Style Citation Examples

In APSA (American Political Science Association) style, in-text citations typically include the author's last name and the publication year, enclosed in parentheses. The reference list at the end of the document lists sources alphabetically by the author's last name.

APSA In-Text Citation Example

The role of civil society organizations in promoting human rights has been extensively analyzed (Chavez, 2024).

Corresponding Reference List Entry

Chavez, Maria S. 2024. “Civil Society Organizations and the Promotion of Human Rights: A Comparative Analysis.” Journal of International Relations 30(1): 45-62. DOI: 10.1080/15487912345678901.

NLM Citation Examples

The NLM (National Library of Medicine) Style offers flexibility in citation methods, including:

  • Author-Year System: Citations are alphabetically arranged by author's last name, followed by the publication year. Example: (Johnson 2011).
  • Sequence System: Citations appear in the order they are referenced in the text, using superscript numbers like ¹ to denote their sequence.
  • Author-Sequence System: Citations are listed alphabetically by author's last name, followed by the publication year and a sequence number referencing their order in the text.

NLM Citation Example In-Text

According to a recent study, the prevalence of sleep disorders among adolescents has increased significantly in the past decade (Wu et al., 2023).

Reference List Entry

Wu J, Chen L, Xu C, et al. Trends in the prevalence and correlates of sleep disorders among adolescents: a cross-sectional study. Sleep Med. 2023;95:20-25. DOI: 10.1234/s12345-6789

AAA Citation Examples

The AAA (American Anthropological Association) citation style uses a combination of author-date and reference list entries. The in-text citations include the author's last name and the publication year, with a corresponding reference list entry at the end. 

AAA Style In-Text Citation

The ritual practices of the Yanomami tribe reflect their cultural identity (Thompson 2019).

Reference List Example

Thompson, Dakota R. 2019. “Ritual Practices and Cultural Identity Among the Yanomami Tribe.” Anthropological Quarterly 36(2): 187-204. DOI: 10.1080/12345678.2019.987654321.

Vancouver Style Citations

In the Vancouver style, numerical citations are used within the text to refer to the list of references at the end of the document. These citations are typically represented by Arabic numerals enclosed in brackets (), which are sequentially assigned to sources as they appear in the text.

In the Vancouver citation style, references are numbered in the order they are cited.

Vancouver In-Text Citation

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has been steadily increasing worldwide (1).

Vancouver Reference List Entry

Rodriguez, Xavier J., and Nguyen, Samantha T. Trends in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus: a global perspective. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 20XX;Volume(Issue):Page numbers.

To sum it up, in this blog, we've talked about how to use different styles for citing sources in research papers. By understanding these examples, beginners can improve their citation skills. Remember, it's important to cite sources correctly to give credit to the people whose work we use. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

Can you give me 10 examples of APA style citations?

Certainly! Here are 10 examples of APA style citations:

  1. Book with One Author:
    • Smith, J. (2019). The Art of Writing. New York, NY: Publisher.
  2. Journal Article with One Author:
    • Johnson, A. (2020). Trends in Environmental Science. Journal of Environmental Studies, 15(3), 45-60. DOI: XXXX.
  3. Book with Two Authors:
    • Brown, D., & Lee, S. (2018). Social Psychology: A Comprehensive Overview. Boston, MA: Publisher.
  4. Journal Article with Two Authors:
    • Garcia, M., & Nguyen, T. (2017). Gender Equality in the Workplace. Journal of Gender Studies, 25(2), 123-140. DOI: XXXX.
  5. Book with Three or More Authors:
    • Miller, E., Johnson, K., Smith, R., & Davis, P. (2021). Leadership Strategies in Modern Organizations. Chicago, IL: Publisher.
  6. Journal Article with Three or More Authors:
    • Wilson, J., et al. (2016). The Role of Technology in Education. Journal of Educational Technology, 10(1), 78-92. DOI: XXXX.
  7. Website Article:
    • Thompson, L. (2019, March 15). Understanding Climate Change. National Geographic. Retrieved from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/climate-change.
  8. Newspaper Article:
    • Davis, P. (2020, June 20). Global Economic Outlook. The New York Times, pp. A1, A3.
  9. Chapter in an Edited Book:
    • Lee, S. (2017). The Evolution of Language. In M. Johnson (Ed.), Language and Society (pp. 45-60). London, UK: Publisher.
  10. Government Report:
    • United States Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). Healthy People 2020: National Immunization Goals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Can you give me 5 examples of citations in Chicago style?

Here are 5 examples of citations in Chicago style:

  1. Book with One Author:
    • Smith, John. The Art of Writing. New York: Publisher, 2019.
  2. Journal Article with One Author:
    • Johnson, Anne. "Trends in Environmental Science." Journal of Environmental Studies 15, no. 3 (2020): 45-60. DOI: XXXX.
  3. Book with Two Authors:
    • Brown, David, and Sarah Lee. Social Psychology: A Comprehensive Overview. Boston: Publisher, 2018.
  4. Journal Article with Two Authors:
    • Garcia, Maria, and Tuan Nguyen. "Gender Equality in the Workplace." Journal of Gender Studies 25, no. 2 (2017): 123-140. DOI: XXXX.
  5. Website Article:
    • Thompson, Lisa. "Understanding Climate Change." National Geographic. Accessed March 15, 2019. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/climate-change.
Nathan D.

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Nathan D. (Literary analysis)

Introducing Nathan D., PhD, an esteemed author on PerfectEssayWriter.ai. With a profound background in Literary Analysis and expertise in Educational Theories, Nathan brings a wealth of knowledge and insight to his writings. His passion for dissecting literature and exploring educational concepts shines through in his meticulously crafted essays and analyses. As a seasoned academic, Nathan's contributions enrich our platform, offering valuable perspectives and engaging content for our readers.

Introducing Nathan D., PhD, an esteemed author on PerfectEssayWriter.ai. With a profound background in Literary Analysis and expertise in Educational Theories, Nathan brings a wealth of knowledge and insight to his writings. His passion for dissecting literature and exploring educational concepts shines through in his meticulously crafted essays and analyses. As a seasoned academic, Nathan's contributions enrich our platform, offering valuable perspectives and engaging content for our readers.

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